Ever wondered, where does the leftover of your last night’s scrumptious dinner, salad, head to? After we dump it in our garbage bins, it heads straight to the smelly heap of waste that we gawk at, if we ever happen to pass by. But did you know that by simply composting the kitchen waste at home, you are reducing at least 900gm waste per person, per day, from reaching the dumping grounds?

As per the Solid Waste Management data India generates approximately 62 million tonnes of waste per year which is more than the populous country- China. If we still try to escape the guilt trip or play the blame game (let’s face it, we all do) we still can’t forget that managing waste is every person’s responsibility.

The astonishing fact is, out of that ocean of garbage, 70% of it is collected of which only 12 million tonnes is treated and the rest that is 31 million tonnes goes to the giant heap (landfill sites).

What can we do?

50% of the debris comprises of kitchen waste. So, as we say charity begins at home, cleanliness follows the same rule. But how at home? – Composting at home. It is a process that recycles the organic material which is readily available at your home, i.e. kitchen waste.

How to create compost at home, myths around composting and tips to compost in a balcony.

Why should you consider composting at home?

  1. Reduce the waste, rather utilize it for better.
  2. Grow your own garden without chemical/expensive fertilizers
  3. You actually practice the three Rs – reduce, reuse, recycle.

How to prepare compost at home?

Let’s dive in…


Understand that a warrior is only as good as his weapons. So gather the right tools.

  1. Pitchfork and shovel
  2. Composting Bin – Plastic bucket/ Paint container with holes on sides
  3. A good net material – to avoid creepy crawlies (Though they help, read further)
  4. A strainer and bowl – to collect everyday kitchen waste.

Find your corner

Choose a place for the process, where you possibly can access water or drain the dirt. Preferably keep out of children’s reach. Preferably, find an outdoor place as sunlight will hasten the process- – a balcony or backyard are perfect!

Start piling

The best part of composting at home is you don’t need to go hunting for the material. Start from your own kitchen by collecting the Greens– fruit and vegetable scraps, eggshells, tea bags or leaves, coffee grounds or trimmings in a container. Remember to drain the fluids by squeezing or sieving it through a strainer to avoid the smell later on. Now time for the Browns (Don’t worry, still not too far to collect, maybe in your vicinity) – Dead plants, dried leaves, twigs & sawdust (untreated lumber), cardboard or even brown paper bags.

Make a compost cake.

Now, remember the container needs to have holes on sides for the oxygen to pass through and material to aerate. Start with a pile of browns at bottom and then greens, almost like a layered cake. Ensure to layer the greens and browns in an alternate manner. Balance is the key to make good compost, it should neither be too soggy (Greens with more water content) or too dry (browns take time to break down).

Pro tip: Add only 2-3 table spoons of sour buttermilk at the initial stage to accelerate the process.

Track the time

It’s good to keep a track of time to avoid unforeseen situations like smelly compost, leaking of fluids or any creepy crawlies. Mark the date in your calendar when you first laid the layer of browns and greens, every two weeks shuffle the pile bringing the outermost in the centre and vice versa, the organic material will need a lot of aeration.

Size matters here

In order to have effective compost, the pile should be at least 3 feet wide, 3 feet tall and 3 feet across. It can definitely exceed this limit depending upon the space you have.

Enjoy the black gold

There is no standard time which will tell you when the home made compost is ready. The look, feel and smell of it will give you a better idea. It also depends upon the weather; winter slows down the decomposition process whereas summers will accelerate it. You may expect the compost to be ready anywhere between 30- 45 days approximately (with conducive weather and steps followed). It should look and feel crumbly like earth and smell good.  If it’s smelly, you may want to have a look at the proportion of greens.

Collect the black gold (because it’s so precious for the soil), add it to your garden / plants and see the magic happen.


Here are the most common myths around composting at home that need to be busted

 Smelly house

Well, if you have smelly compost, it is probably because your process went wrong somewhere. To avoid this, ensure the kitchen waste is cut into smaller pieces for quick decomposition. Avoid milk products in your compost. A complete no-no is meat products as they smell and invite rodents. Not giving a toss/mix to your pile will also end up giving foul smell.

Creepy Crawlies

They are in fact a friend for your compost as they help the anaerobic process, but of course you may avoid them from crawling out by using a net cover and then using a lid over the container.

I need a huge terrace for composting at home.

No, a small balcony/ space would also do. Invest in some smart compost bins and practice vertical gardening to save on space.

Expiry date?

The compost efficacy will not be hampered until 1-2 years, provided it is stored in good condition.

Choose the way how you impact the environment, by increasing the heap of waste or nurturing the nature back?

 Anyone would enjoy a patch of green in this concrete world; it just requires patience and will. The simple action of preparing compost at home will reward you with great benefits.

Don’t forget to enjoy the magical process.

This is a guest post written by Sayali Lokhande.

This post is written for #CauseAChatter, initiated by Blogchatter

14 Replies to “Heard of Black gold? Secrets of composting at home”

  1. I just loved this post and even my mother makes composites for her plants …going to share this with her, she will love it.

  2. Your post cam just in time Neha. We have a small backyard garden and I am panning to prepare my own compost. Thanks for this post. I will be following the steps

  3. I remember my mom used to make compost at home, when we were little. but I have never give this a try from my side. thanks Neha for sharing all tips and proper steps. will explore more about this topic from my side. indeed, a useful post.

  4. Look at the amount of waste we generate from our own housedold, this is shocking. Thanks for sharing this post, I think we all should make compost at home as it is not difficult at all.

  5. Being a plant parent I have given making my own compost a thought many times. However the truth bombs that you described are the ones that actually discourage me and they are correct to a certain extent also.

  6. Gone through it, done that. It takes a while to understand the process and do it correctly. But once you know the art, (like you said) you have the black gold. And yes, it smells hell.

  7. Home composts are so much better than store-bought ones. Helpful tips, I was worried about the creepy crawlies myself. Will now try making compost at home.

  8. Making own compost is an incredible and cost effective idea. My uncle has been practising this for so many years and we just love to help him do that, whenever we visit our hometown

  9. Making our own compost is something I always find a little tougher. However, I have seen my parents always prepare a huge lot of homemade compost. Hopefully, I too get some motivation and reenergize myself to prepare it on my own.

  10. I have grown up seeing my mom doing it all life, it was our Tuesday routine to collect all the fallen off leaves from the garden, store them in a big pit, add kitchen waste, layer with soil with earthworms in it. I was not a big fan of this then, but today miss those days terribly.

  11. Solid waste and its management is a challenge that the world and more so our country is facing. Composting at home is something through which we as individuals can contribute to reducing the solid waste burden on our systems.

  12. Loved this post. My mom is very fond of gardening and she does everything on her own at the terrace. It’s good to read the whole process about home made compost

  13. Thanks for sharing so many helpful tips about composting at home. I’ve tried long time back. This post give proper approach

  14. Even I love to compost at home only, Have got an earthen pot dedicated to this and it helps to get good homemade compost that helps in naturally providing nutrition to my plants at home. This is a wonderful post.

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